Kushandiswa kwechikepe chemahombekombe simba rekubatanidza tekinoroji muchiteshi

Injini yekubatsira yechikepe inowanzo shandiswa kugadzira magetsi kana ngarava ichimira kuti isangane nezvinodiwa zvesimba rengarava.Simba rekuda kwemhando dzakasiyana dzezvikepe zvakasiyana.Pamusoro pesimba remumba rinodiwa nevashandi, zvikepe zvemidziyo zvinodawo kupa simba kumidziyo ine firiji;Chikepe chekutakura zvinhu chinodawo kupa simba kune crane iri mubhodhi, saka pane musiyano mukuru wekuremerwa mukudiwa kwemagetsi emhando dzakasiyana dzezvikepe zvinotakura, uye dzimwe nguva panogona kunge paine kudiwa kukuru kwemagetsi.Injini yekubatsira yemugungwa inoburitsa huwandu hukuru hwezvinosvibisa mukushanda, kunyanya kusanganisira kabhoni dhaibhorosi (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NO) uye sulfur oxides (SO), inosvibisa nharaunda yakapoteredza.Tsvagiridzo ye data yeInternational Maritime Organisation (IMO) inoratidza kuti ngarava dzinofambiswa nedhiziri pasi rese dzinoburitsa makumi emamiriyoni ematani eNO neSO mumhepo gore rega rega, zvichikonzera kusvibiswa kwakakomba;Mukuwedzera, huwandu hwakakwana hweCO hunobudiswa nekutakura kwepasi rose kwegungwa hwakakura, uye huwandu hwose hweCO2 hunobudiswa hwakapfuura gore negore kubudisa gasi rinopisa renyika dzakanyorwa muKyoto Protocol;Panguva imwecheteyo, maererano nedata, ruzha runokonzerwa nekushandiswa kwemichina yekubatsira nezvikepe muchiteshi chinokonzerawo kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza.

Parizvino, zvimwe zviteshi zvepasirese zvemberi zvakatora tekinoroji yemagetsi ekumahombekombe mukutevedzana uye kuisimbisa nenzira yemutemo.Port Authority yeLos Angeles yeUnited States yapasisa mutemo [1] kumanikidza materminal ese ari mukati mesimba rayo kutora tekinoroji yemagetsi ekumahombekombe;Muna Chivabvu 2006, European Commission yakapasisa bhiri re2006/339/EC, iro rakakurudzira kuti zviteshi zveEU zvishandise simba remumahombekombe ekutakurisa ngarava.MuChina, Ministry of Transport zvakare ine zvakafanana zvekutonga zvinodiwa.Muna Kubvumbi 2004, raimbove Ministry of Transport rakapa Mitemo yePort Operation and Management, iyo yakataura kuti magetsi emahombekombe uye mamwe masevhisi anofanirwa kupihwa ngarava munzvimbo dzechiteshi.

Pamusoro pezvo, kubva pamaonero evaridzi vezvikepe, kukwira kwemutengo wemafuta asina kuchena pasi rose kunokonzerwa nekushaikwa kwemagetsi kunoitawo kuti mutengo wekushandisa mafuta emafuta kugadzira magetsi engarava dzinosvika pachiteshi ichi urambe uchikwira.Kana tekinoroji yemagetsi yemahombekombe ikashandiswa, mutengo wekushandisa wezvikepe zvinosvika pachiteshi uchaderedzwa, uine hupfumi hwakanaka.

Naizvozvo, chiteshi chengarava chinotora tekinoroji yemagetsi emahombekombe, iyo isingaite chete zvinodiwa nenyika uye zveindasitiri zvekuchengetedza simba uye kuderedzwa kwekubuda, asi zvakare inosangana nezvinodiwa nemabhizinesi kudzikisa mutengo wekushandisa, kuvandudza kukwikwidza kwekupedzisira uye kuvaka "green port".

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Nguva yekutumira: Sep-14-2022